The results Ulrich found in his 1984 study cast a new light on architecture and design. This was followed a few years later by his „Theory of Supportive Design“. An approach that emphasizes the psychosocial supporting effect of design measures.
According to this, good design can reduce stress, promote social support, create positive distraction and many other effects that can have a positive impact on health. The central role of stress reduction is central to this. Design approaches can reduce the psychoneuroimmunological effects of stress by strengthening the subjective feeling of control, positive stimulation (e.g. through contact with nature) and avoidance of stressors (e.g. noise).